Morocco - Fight to eradicate child domestic labour

Project leader

Institution Nationale de Solidarité Avec les Femmes en détresse (INSAF)

Location Maroc, Province d’El Haouz
Duration 2017 - 2019
Intervention Area Education
Funding 141 420,00 €

Context

Child domestic labour means work carried out by underage children in hazardous conditions or conditions close to slavery in the service of families.

According to a study conducted in Morocco in 2010, between 60,000 and 80,000 girls aged under 15 are believed to be being exploited as "child maids". These young girls are often at the mercy of their employers, exposing them to all kinds of risks and violence, and depriving them of their basic rights as children.

This situation is the result of:

  • Weak legislation, in particular the failure to enforce the law on mandatory basic schooling
  • The relationship between poverty/geographical confinement/illiteracy/a lack of education on the rights/status of girls within the family and the phenomenon of child labour
  • The shortage of or distance to schools and child care centres, making it more difficult for young girls to access schooling

Although Morocco has signed and ratified almost all the conventions and international instruments relating to child protection, implementation has demonstrated its limits, due, among other things, to the lack of a national integrated and multi-departmental policy, and the absence of a law prohibiting child domestic labour.

This project seeks to promote schooling for these young girls, which is the main way to protect children exposed to child labour. It also champions better legal protection for these children in the Marrakech-Safi region, one of the poorest parts of the country and a source of "child maids", where unemployment has reached a high level.

Project owner

Institution Nationale de Solidarité Avec les Femmes en détresse (INSAF - National Institution for Solidarity with Women in Distress).

Overall objective

Work to combat domestic labour by underage girls in El Haouz province so that they can access their basic rights to education, learning support, extracurricular activities and hygiene.

Specific objectives

  • Identify and remove underage girls who are being exploited or are at risk in the target areas
  • Work with each beneficiary to develop a life plan that will enable their reintegration into school and the family and provide psychological and social support
  • Raise awareness among local populations and champion laws to protect children from exploitation in domestic employment
  • Ensure the sustainability of the programme in the communes of Chichaoua and Kelaa and expand it in El Haouz province

Beneficiaries

Direct beneficiaries:

  • 192 underage girls being exploited in domestic employment or identified as at risk
  • 54% of the local population in target areas will receive information about children’s rights and efforts to combat child labour, particularly that involving "child maids"
  • 50 charities will be mobilised and involved in efforts to champion the eradication of "child maids"

 

Indirect beneficiaries:

  • All pupils in 34 school groups in target regions who will benefit from extracurricular activities on the same basis as the 192 girls that we will educate in these schools

Anticipated outcomes 

  • A map of the regions most affected by children dropping out of school, non-enrolment of underage girls and the difficulties associated with the shortage of/distance to schools (primary and secondary) is drawn up in order to identify underage girls being exploited as domestic servants or at risk of becoming so
  • A link with the families of young girls is established through collaboration with local authorities
  • Girls are removed from situations where they are being exploited as domestic servants, in conjunction with the family and local authorities
  • 100% of girls, re-enrolled in schools, benefit from learning support classes in accordance with their needs, as well as extracurricular activities
  • The unemployment rate falls as a result of qualified people from the same region being employed to provide learning support to girls
  • 100% of girls are kept with their families and in school due to psychological, social and educational monitoring
  • Meetings/debates are organised with the local population to raise awareness of the problems associated with the domestic employment of underage girls
  • 50 charities and 30 institutions are mobilised and involved in advocacy and signing a petition
  • The programme is strengthened in Chichaoua and Kelaa and is expanded to all of El Haouz province
  • The programme is implemented in El Haouz and underage girls who have already been identified receive care
  • At the end of the project, 50 girls are sponsored by individuals and/or companies to ensure the sustainability of the project
http://cooperation-monaco.gouv.mc/en/Projects/Monaco-s-Official-Development-Assistance-projects/North-Africa-and-the-Mediterranean/Morocco/Morocco-Fight-to-eradicate-child-domestic-labour

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